The town is situated close to the tip of the Indian peninsula and is the southernmost town on the Indian mainland. The town was a part of the erstwhile Travancore state, or later Travancore-Cochin state, till almost a decade after the Indian independence in Inthe city and the District were merged with Tamil Nadu.
In its earlier days, the town and its surroundings were known as Nanjilnadu. Nagercoil derives its name from the famous old Nagaraja Temple temple of the serpent king  which is in the central part of town.
It has been an important temple for Hindus for centuries as well as a tourist attraction. According to certain accounts, it may once have been a Jain temple, as icons of the Jain Tirthankaras — Mahavira and Parsvanatha — are found on the pillars of the temple.
Nagercoil came under the rule of various kingdoms, notably the CheraChola and Pandya kingdoms, Historical records reveal that these kingdoms fought over the control of the fertile area of Nanjilnadu and Kottara town mentioned in old Tamil writings and maps of ancient India. Archaeological records also show Jain influences in ancient times.
The modern history of the town is interwoven with the history of Travancore state. The modern town of Nagercoil grew around Kottarnow a locality in the municipal limits. In the erstwhile princely state of TravancoreNagercoil was the second most important town after the capital Trivandrum.
Maharaja Marthanda Varma's successors continued the land, revenue and social reforms he instituted.
Although Travancore was considered by many to be a "Hindu" administration, the rulers generally showed religious tolerance and were not hostile to European educators, missionaries and traders.
Until the 19th century, the coffers of Travancore were greatly helped by revenues from the trade of pepper and other spices, with the European powers. Irrigation systems an excellent system is still found around Nagercoildams, roads, schools etc. The British in India considered Travancore a "model native state". At the time, Travancore was the most socially developed, and one of the most economically developed states under the British Raj.
During the British RajTravancore was essentially a vassal-state to the British, but the British never interfered in the general administration of the state.
Ramaswamy Aiyer, preferred Travancore to be a sovereign country, but he eventually gave up after a tough stand by Sardar Vallabhbhai PatelIndia's federal minister in charge of home affairs, who wanted the princely state annexed to India.
After a political fight in the s led by Marshal A. This was enacted in the Indian States Reorganisation Act of It is a City Corporation and the administrative headquarters of Kanyakumari District.
Situated close to the tip of the Indian peninsula, it lies on an undulating terrain between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea. The present city of Nagercoil grew around Kottara mercantile town that dates back to the Sangam period. For years it was a central part of the erstwhile Travancore kingdom and later Kerala State, till almost a decade after India's independence from Britain in InKanyakumari District, along with the town, was merged with Tamil Nadu.
With a maturing Technology startup ecosystem, the city is one among the 50 Indian cities to be ranked in the World Startup Index of cities. Economic activities in around the city include tourism, wind energy, IT services, marine fish production and exports, rubber and cloves plantations, agro-crops, floral production, manufacture of fish nets, rubber products among other activities. The city, along with the district of Kanyakumari, stands at the top in many HDI parameters in Tamil Nadu state, including education, per capita income, health indices, etc.
The municipality of Nagercoil was upgraded as a Municipal corporation on the eve of its th year as a city on February 14, Known as the Granary of TravancoreNagercoil not only served as the food basket of Kerala, but was also one among the important spice-trading centers in the kingdom of Travancore from the 14th century onward, and maintained a trade network with Arab merchants from the pre-Islamic era. Various Tamil and Kerala kings fought over this rich agricultural land, which boasted six rivers.
Various historians cite that the land's climate and diverse, luxuriant vegetation had no comparison anywhere else in Tamil Nadu. According to the censusNagercoil had a population ofwith a female-male sex ratio of 1.
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 4. The literacy rate of the city was There were a total of 76, workers, comprising cultivators, 1, main agricultural laborers, 2, in household industries, 67, other workers, 5, marginal workers, marginal cultivators, marginal agricultural laborers, marginal workers in household industries and 4, other marginal workers.
The city is a one among the 50 Indian cities to be ranked in the World Startup Index of cities.
Muppandhal has emerged as the wind power hub, with plant owners eager to cash in on the Rs 2. The architecture of Nagercoil consists of an eclectic combination of architectural styles, ranging from those that predate the creation of the town, from the early Dravidian architecture and Kerala Architectureto English Gothic Revivalto the 21st century contemporary. Although there are prehistoric and classical structures in the city, the architectural history of Nagercoil effectively begins with the first small settlements from 3 A.
The Roman naturalist and writer Pliny the Elder mentions Nagercoil as a commercial metropolis, having trade links with his contemporaneous Roman merchants, who traded and stayed in unique rock-walled, clay-roofed structures. This legacy can be found in some of the town's old heritage structures like the Nagaraja Temple, Nagercoil. The temple has two main deities, Krishna revered as Ananda Krishna and Nagaraja. As an ancient tradition the priests are Namboothiri Brahmins who are referred by the Pambumekkat mana in Thrissur, Kerala.Nagercoil is a town situated in the southernmost part of Tamil Nadu.
It also lies close to the Indian Peninsula tip. Nagercoil was a part of Travancore state for almost a decade. Nagarjuna Temple, St. The town is also known for different varieties of bananas. Their food is a fusion of Kerala and Tamil Nadu traditions. Fish is a common item that found in almost every dish out there.
Food can be enjoyed, if it would serve nicely and neatly. Arya hotel is a restaurant where you will not only enjoy the food but also be satisfied with their neat and tidiness. Arya Bhawan has a chain of restaurants in Nagercoil one and located in the Court Road, and each of them maintains high quality in their food. The restaurant is vegetarian and serves South Indian dishes. You can try their baby corn dosa which is unique and quite unusual from the regular one.
Prabhu hotel is a well-known restaurant in Nagercoil. They serve delicious nonveg dishes. Many South Indian restaurants serve food in banana leaves, out of which Prabhu is one among them.
The taste of the food enhances when served in this traditional way. Their Biryani is must to try. Located on the S. P office road, Vaddeswaram. This restaurant is quite famous in Nagercoil. It is so crowded that sometimes people wait outside for their turn. Earlier it was only on the G floor, but now they have extended to the 1st floor too.
The restaurant is small but neat and tidy and serves hot and fresh food. The best to try out here is the grilled chicken.
This tiny restaurant located on the M. The ambiance is whelming, and the food is also tasty. The restaurant had got Underground parking facility as well. Previously this restaurant was located on K. P road, but then it is shifted to 2-A Cake Street. The restaurant food has more varieties for lunch, and its food is a mixture Kerala and Tamil Nadu traditions.
The restaurant has an average ambiance but serves some yummy food. The best to try out here is Kinnathappam and tender coconut pudding.Display all pictures. Jackfruit Chips is one of the famous snack foods in Nagercoil, made by deep frying half-ripe flesh of the jackfruit. This is a very tasty, crispy and healthy snack food of nagercoil. This product is no longer in stock. Availability date:. PAY: Rs. This product is not sold individually. You must select at least 1 quantity for this product.
Add to cart. These banana chips are a quick crunch munch snack and of course all-time favorite for most of the people. Perfect to munch on during trips and during snack breaks.
These unripen bananas are de-skinned and sliced as thin wafer in round shape, mixed with Salt and Turmeric powder, dried in shade and finally deep fried in Coconut oil.
Flavor, Color and aroma of these chips are just unique. Nagercoil Sweet Banana Chips. Sattur Kara Sev. Nagercoil Nendaram Chips. TIrunelveli Thattai.
Nagercoil Store Details
Tirunelveli Mixture. Garlic Murukku. Kara Murukku. Onion Murukku. Andhra Murukku.Kanyakumari district is the southernmost district in Tamil Nadu state and mainland India. It stands second in terms of population density among the districts of Tamil Nadu and the second most urbanizednext only to Chennai district.
Kanyakumari district has a varied topography with sea on three sides and the mountains of the Western Ghats bordering the northern side. Except for a small stretch of land to the west of Kanyakumari town, almost the entire district is sandwiched between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea - the only district in Tamilnadu state facing the Arabian Sea.
Geologically, the landmass of the district is much younger when compared to the rest of the state - faulted as late as 2. A few artifacts unearthed by archeological excavations in there. It was part of the princely state of Travancore during the colonial times prior to India's independence ; four of the eight tehsils of Thiruvananthapuram district were separated from erstwhile Travancore Kingdom to form the new district of Kanyakumari, and they were made the part of Madras Presidency under recommendations from the States Reorganisation Commission in Many historical assumptions persist in the district and state, which associate sages such as VyasaAgastyaTolkappiyarAvvaiyar and Thiruvalluvar to the district.
The district is also the birthplace of Ayyavazhi. The area that comprises the current Kanyakumari district was a part of the old Ay kingdom of the first and second Sangham ages.
Following the decline of the Ay kingdoms, the area became Venad, with its capital Padmanabhapuram located North, North West of Nagercoil. The wealth of the Nanjilnadu beckoned many invaded kings including the Nayaks and later an Islamist army during the reign of Umayamma Rani.
Under their rule anarchy was dominant in Kanyakumari region. However, Marthanda Varma brought a sense of disorder under control by annexing the nearby territories, putting down the feudal lords and establishing the strong state of Travancore. He had also bought some portions of Kanyakumari from the then viceroy making it the southern boundary.
Under his rule, the district improved in a social context as well as economically. The famous battle of Colachel took place in the district. Later, the Maharajas of Travancore built the forts at Aramboly Aralvaimozhy to prevent any invasion from the Carnatic Kings.
Leger broke through the fortifications and entered Travancore in In the yearthe area became a part of the reestablished Travancore Cochin state. The people of Agasteeswarem, Thovalai, Kalkulam and Vilavancode taluks, which formed the southern divisions of the former district of Trivandrumwere predominantly Tamil speaking people. An extreme agitation by Tamil speaking residents under the leadership of Marshal Nesamony took place for including Kanyakumari within Tamil Nadu.
Eventually the merger happened in based on language reorganization of states. Historically, Nanjilnadu Agastheeswaram and Thovalai taluks and Eda Nadu Vilavancode and Kalkulam taluks which comprises the present Kanyakumari district. A few artifacts were unearthed by archeological excavations in parts of the district. The four taluks were made the part of then Madras Presidency under recommendations from the States Reorganisation Commission in The Presidency was later renamed Tamil Nadu in and Kanyakumari, today, is one of the 37 districts of Tamil Nadu state.
The district is the birthplace of Ayyavazhithe henotheistic belief initiated by Hari Gopalan Seedarone among the 5 prime disciples of Ayya Vaikundar. The social, religious and cultural history of the 19th century Kanyakumari district is intrinsically inter-twined with those of Ayyavazhi.
Many historical assumptions persist in the district and state, which associate with sages namely VyasaAgastyaTolkappiyarAvvaiyar and Thiruvalluvar. Kanyakumari District is divided into two regions: Edai nadu and Nanjil nadu.It's the southernmost city on the Indian mainland.Nagercoil Wedding Film , A different wedding story.
Historically, Nagercoil was part of the Travancore state and the second most prominent city in that state, after Trivandrum. Until 10 years after Indian independence, Nagercoil remained part of the Travancore state until it was merged into Tamil Nadu in Buses are available from Thiruvananthapuram and Madurai.
Understand [ edit ] Historically, Nagercoil was part of the Travancore state and the second most prominent city in that state, after Trivandrum. This city travel guide to Nagercoil is a usable article. It has information on how to get there and on restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please feel free to improve it by editing the page.
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According to legends, the place derives its name from the Nagaraja Temple Temple of Serpent King that is located in the heart of the town. This temple has been an important place of worship for the Hindus from all over the state. The temple also attracts thousands of tourists each year.
Some people believe that on the grounds of the temple once stood a Jain temple. People of the town are very proud of their rich historical past that is steeped in glory and bravery. History states that the town was part of the Travancore state for almost 10 years after India gained its Independence in It was only in that Nagercoil, along with Kanyakumari District, became a part of the state of Tamil Nadu.
During those days, the town was known as Nanjilnadu. The town has seen rulers belonging to different dynasties. The Cheras, the Cholas and the Pandyas have all known to rule over the town of Nagercoil. The kingdoms fought to gain control of this area, since it was considered to be a very fertile land and thus ideal for farming and irrigation. Today, Nagercoil is an important tourist destination in the state of Tamil Nadu because of its scenic surroundings.
The place is situated between the Arabian Sea on one side and the Western Ghats on the other side. The rolling hills, the softly padded grass and the emerald blue sea is sure to provide thrill to first-time visitors.
Many tourists from all over the country and abroad make it a point to visit Nagercoil if they are in Kanyakumari or nearby. The town has gained importance as a tourist destination mainly due to its scenic locales and natural beauty.
The place is specifically famous for its scenic Olakaruvi Waterfalls. The people of the town are peace-loving and simple folks who treat visitors with love and affection.
The town is a very safe tourist destination and hardly any crime is reported. Even petty matters are solved by the quarreling parties themselves without going to the authorities and without getting violent. The town also has plantation fields of cloves and cardamom, thanks to the British who settled in the area during pre-independence times.
Many descendants of the British still own some of the plantations. The fragrance of cardamoms hit you as soon as you enter the plantation area. Because of its interesting location, Nagercoil has the perfect amalgamation of the cultures of western and eastern coasts.
In fact, the town is also the intersection point of the eastern and western railways. One line is through Kerala and lies on the Konkon route. The other line is through Tamil Nadu and lies on Thirunelveli route. The town is easily accessible via road, and by trains, since it has a good network of well-maintained roads along with two railway stations that receive many major trains from neighbouring cities and states.
The town experiences very hot summers and cool winters because of its location. Travelling to Nagercoil should be avoided during summer months because the hot sun can cause serious health issues, including dehydration. However, winters in Nagercoil are very pleasant unlike the chilly ones of the north. Most tourists prefer visiting the area around December and January, since traveling is very comfortable in these two months.
Nagercoil, a quiet and peaceful town in the state of Tamil Nadu lies very close to Kanyakumari and is located near the tip of the Indian Peninsula and is the farthest town in the south to be situated on the Indian mainland.
How To Reach Nagercoil The town is easily accessible via road, and by trains, since it has a good network of well-maintained roads along with two railway stations that receive many major trains from neighbouring cities and states.
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